THC and CBD are two of the most commonly referred to, and researched, cannabinoids. While both THC and CBD have to been shown to have therapeutic properties, there has been an increasing trend towards the use of CBD-only or CBD-rich extracts. Despite THC’s many benefits, it is known to have psychoactive properties, which does play a role in many individuals’ decisions to opt for CBD-only alternatives.
The euphoria and headiness caused by THC rich products can affect everyone differently. For example, those with high levels physical pain may find the additional euphoria helpful in providing relief from chronic joint or head pain, whereas two separate individuals that experience anxiety can either find the THC-rich product calming, or alternatively it may negatively cause over-stimulation or lethargy – not ideal side effects for those seeking a product for daytime use. These are only a small selection examples for why individuals may or may not opt for a CBD-only product.
THC Definition from Health Canada
The most researched cannabinoid is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is responsible for the way your brain and body respond to cannabis, including the high and intoxication. THC has some therapeutic effects but it also has harmful effects. Harmful effects may be greater when the strength of THC is higher.
The potency (concentration or strength) of THC in cannabis is often shown as a percentage of THC by weight (or by volume of an oil). THC potency in dried cannabis has increased from an average of 3% in the 1980s to around 15% today. Some strains can have an average as high as 30% THC. Cannabis that contains very low amounts of THC in its flowers and leaves (less than 0.3%) is classified as hemp.
CBD Definition from Health Canada
Cannabidiol (CBD) is another cannabinoid. Unlike THC, CBD does not produce a high or intoxication. There is some evidence that CBD may block or lower some of the effects of THC on the mind. This may occur when the amount of CBD in the cannabis is the same or higher than the amount of THC. CBD is also being studied for its possible therapeutic uses.
Sources and Further Reading:
“About Cannabis” [Health Canada]
“CBD vs. THC: What’s the Difference?” [Leafly]